Updated: Sep 10, 2020
From the book of The Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage
A descriptive list of the names of the spirits whom we may summon to obtain that which we desire.
I WILL here give a very exact description of many Spirits, the which (names) either altogether or in part, or else as many of them as you may wish, you should give written upon paper unto the Eight SubPrinces, on the Second Day of the Conjuration. Now all these (Spirits) be those who will appear on the Third Day, together with their Princes. And these (Spirits) be not vile, base, and common, but of rank, industrious, and very prompt unto an infinitude of things. Now their Names have been manifested and discovered by the Angels, and if you should wish for more the Angel will augment them for you as far as you shall wish; seeing that their number is infinite.
The Four Princes and Superior Spirits be:
The Eight Sub-Princes be:
The Spirits common unto these Four Sub-Princes, namely:
(= 111 Spirits Servient.)
These be the Spirits common unto ASTAROT and ASMODEE :
(= 53 Spirits Servient.)
These be the Spirits common unto AMAIMON and ARITON :
(= 10 Spirits Servient.)
These be the Spirits in common between ASMODEE and MAGOT :
(= 15 Spirits Servient.)
The following be those of ASTAROT :
(= 32 Spirits Servient.)
These be those of MAGOT and KORE :
(65 Spirits Servient.)
Those of ASMODEE be :
(= 16 Spirits Servient.)
These be those of BELZEBUB :
(= 49 Spirits Servient.)
These be of ORIENS :
(= 8 Spirits Servient.)
These be of PAIMON :
(= 15 Spirits Servient.)
These be of ARITON :
(= 22 Spirits Servient.)
These be those of AMAIMON :
(= 20 Spirits Servient.)
UNDER WHAT RULERS TOTAL OF SPIRITS SERVIENT
Oriens, Paimon, Ariton, Amaymon 111
Ashtaroth and Asmodeus 53
Amaymon and Ariton 10
Asmodeus and Magoth 15
Magoth and Koré 65
Total of Names of Servient Spirits 316
Infinite be the Spirits which I could have here set down, but in order not to make any confusion, I have thought fit to put only those whom I have myself employed, and whom I have found good and faithful in all the Operations wherein I have availed myself of them. Also it is true that he who shall perform this Operation will be able thereafter, according to his need, to obtain (the names of) more.
I have thought it advisable to give as far as possible some idea of the Significations of these names of Spirits, which are for the most part derived from the Hebrew or Chaldee, and also from Greek and Latin and Coptic, etc
THE CHIEF SPIRITS
Lucifer: From Latin, Lux, Light, and Fero, to bear, - A Light Bearer. There is a name “Lucifuge” also employed occasionally, from Lux, Light, and Fugio, to fly from, - He who shuns the Light. LEVIATAN: From Hebrew, LVIThN (usually written Leviathan instead of Leviatan), - the Crooked or Piercing Serpent or Dragon. Satan: From Hebrew, ShTN, = an Adversary. Belial: From Hebrew, BLIOL, = a Wicked One.
THE EIGHT SUB-PRINCES
Astarot: From Hebrew, OShThRVTh, = flocks, crowds or assemblies. Usually written “Ashtaroth”. Also a name of the Goddess Astarte; Esther is derived from the same root. Magot: May be from Hebrew, MOVTh, = small stones or pebbles; or from MG, = a changing of camp or place; or from Greek, Magos, a magician. Usually written Maguth. Compare the French word “Magot,” meaning “a sort of baboon,” and also “a hideous dwarfish man”; this expression is often used in fairy-tales to denote a spiteful dwarf or elf. This Spirit has also been credited with presiding over hidden treasure. Larousse derives the name either from ancient French or German.
Asmodee: Usually written “Asmodeus,” and sometimes “Chashmodai”. Derived by some from the Hebrew word “Asamod,” to destroy or exterminate; and by others from the Persian verb “Azmonden,” = to tempt, to try or prove. Some Rabbins say that Asmodeus was the child of the incest of Tubal-Cain and his sister Naafrfah. Others say that he was the Demon of impurity. Others again relate that he was employed by Solomon in the building of the Temple at Jerusalem; that he then attempted to dethrone Solomon, to put himself in his place; but that the King vanquished him and the Angel Gabriel chased him into Egypt, and there bound him in a Grotto. The Rabbins say that when Asmodeus was working at the building of the Temple, he made use of no metal tool; but instead of a certain stone which cut ordinary stone as a diamond will glass.
Belzebub: Also written frequently “Beelzebub”, “Baalzebub”, “Beelzebuth”, and “Beelzeboul”. From Hebrew, BOL, = Lord, and ZBVB,= Fly or Flies; Lord of Flies. Some derive the name from the Syriac “Beel d’Bobo,” = Master of Calumny, or nearly the same signification as the Greek word Diabolos, whence are derived the modern French and English “Diable” and “Devil”.
Oriens: These four names of Oriens, Paimon, Ariton and Amaymon,are usually allotted to the Evil Kings of the four quarters of the World. Oriens, from Latin, Oriens, = rising or Eastern. This name is also written Uriens, from Latin, Uro, = to burn, or devour with flame. It is probably from Uriens that a mediaeval title of the Devil, viz., “Sir Urien”, is derived. The Name is also sometimes written “Urieus,” from Latin, “Urios”, a title given to Jupiter as presiding over the Wind. Urieus is also derivable from the Greek Adj. “Eurus, Eureia, Euru,” meaning vast or extensive. By the Rabbins he is also called SMAL, Samael, which is derived from the Hebrew root SML, which means “a figure, image, or idol”. It is a name given in the Qabalah to one of the Chief Evil Spirits.
Paimon: Is also frequently written “Paymon”, and sometimes “Paimonia”. Probably from Hebrew, POMN, = a tinkling sound or small bell. This is again derived from the Hebrew root POM, = to agitate, impel, or strike forward. The word POMN is employed in Exodus 28, 34; 28, 33; and 39, 25. Paimon is also called by the Rabbins by the title of OZAZL, Azazel, which is a name used in Leviticus with reference to the Scape-Goat. Its derivation is from OZ, = a Goat; and AZL, = to go away. It has frequently been warmly discussed whether the word in question means simply the Scape-Goat, or whether it signifies a Demon to whom that animal was dedicated. But in Rabbinic Demonology it is always used to mean one of the Chief Demons.
Ariton: It is also often called “Egyn," or “Egin”. This name may be derived from the Hebrew root ORH, = to lay bare, to make naked. It may also be derived from the Greek word Arhreton, = secret, or mysterious, in any sense good or bad. Egin, may be derivable from Hebrew, OGN, = to delay, hinder, or retard. There may also be a connection with the Greek Aix, Aigos, = a Goat. This Spirit is also called by the Rabbins OZAL, Azael, from the root OZ, which means both a Goat, and also vigour, vehemence of force; thus having partly the same root as “Azazel”.
Amaimon: Also written frequently “Amaymon”; perhaps from the Greek word Maimon, present participle of Maimao; and A as an enforcing particle; hence Amaimon would mean “terrible violence and vehemence”. This Spirit is also called by the Rabbins MHZAL, Mahazael, perhaps from the root MZ, = to consume, or devour. Amaymon is spoken of in the various mediaeval Magical works as being a very potent Spirit, and the use of a ring, with Magical characters to hold before the mouth while conversing with him, is recommended as a protection against his deadly, fiery, and poisonous breath.
THE SERVITORS OF ORIENS, PAYMON, ARITON AND AMAYMON
Hosen: From Chaldaic, CHVSN, chosen, = Strong, Vigorous, Powerful.
Saraph: From Hebrew, ShRP, = to burn, or devour with fire.
Proxosos: Perhaps from Greek, Prox, Proxokos, = a Kid.
Habhi: From Chaidee, ChBA, or Hebrew, ChBH, = Hidden.
Acuar: From Hebrew, AKR, = a tiller of the earth. Tirana: Perhaps from Hebrew, ThRN, = the Mast of a Ship, also an Apple Tree.
Alluph: From Hebrew, ALVP, = a Leader, a Duke; also a Bull, from his leading the herd. Nercamay: Perhaps from Hebrew, NOR, = a boy, and ChMH a companion.
Nilen: Perhaps from Nilus, Latin, or Neilos, Greek, = the River Nile.
Morel: Perhaps from Hebrew, MRH, = to rebel.
Traci: From Greek, Trachus, etc., = harsh, rude.
Enaia: Perhaps from Hebrew, ONIH, = Poor, afflicted.
Mulach: Probably the same as “Moloch,” from Hebrew,MLK, to rule.
Malutens: Perhaps from Hebrew, MOL, = to lie, or deceive, or prevaricate.
Iparkas: Probably from Greek, Hipparches, = a commander of cavalry, or leader of horse. Nuditon: Apparently from the Latin, Nuditas, = nakedness, derived in its turn from Nudatus. Melna: Perhaps from Hebrew, LN, to abide or rest.
Melhaer: Perhaps from Hebrew, ML, to cut off, or divide, and ChR, whiteness, purity. Ruach: From Hebrew, RVCh = Spirit.
Apolhun: From Greek, Apolluon, Apollyon, = the Destroyer.
Schabuach: From Arabic = to calm or assuage. Mermo: From Coptic, Mer, Across, and Moou, Water, Across Water.
Melamud: From Hebrew, MLMD, = stimulus to exertion. Poter: From Greek, Poter, = a drinking cup, or vase. Sched: From Hebrew, ShDD, the Hebrew name for a devastating demon. But the Hebrew root ShD implies the same idea as the English words “To Shed” ; and signifies a female breast.
Ekdulon: Probably from Greek, Ekduo, = to despoil. Mantiens: From Latin, Mantiens, and Greek, Manteia, Prophesying, Divining.
Obedama: From Hebrew,OBD, = a servant. AMA = mother. But AMH = a maid-servant, whence Obedama should signify a womanservant.
Sachiel: Is a name frequently given in Magical works to an Angel of the Planet Jupiter. SKK = to cover or protect, but SChH = to trample down.
Moschel: From Hebrew, MVSh, = to move oneself about.
Pereuch: Perhaps from Greek, Per and Euche, = concerning prayer, or given unto prayer. Deccal: From Hebrew, DChL, = to fear.
Asperim: Perhaps from Latin, “Aspera", = Rude, Rigorous, Perilous, Dangerous.
Katini: From Hebrew, KThN, = a tunic, whence the Greek word CHITON.
Torfora: From Hebrew, THOR,= a small knife, or lancet.
Badad: From Hebrew, BDD, = solitary.
I have thus far given the probable derivations at length; but I shall, for the sake of brevity, here continue them without giving their roots and remarks thereon:
Coelen. Latin. Heavens.
Chuschi. Hebrew. Silent.
Tasma. Hebrew and Chaldaic. Weak.
Pachid. Hebrew. Fear.
Parek. Hebrew. Roughness, Savage.
Rachiar. Greek. Sea breaking on rocks.
Nogar. Hebrew. Flowing.
Adon. Hebrew. Lord.
Trapis. Greek. Turning.
Nagid. Hebrew. A Leader.
Ethanim. Hebrew. An Ass; a furnace.
Patid. Hebrew. Topaz.
Pareht. Hebrew. Fruit.
Emphastison. Greek. Image, Representation.
Paraseh. Chaldaic. Divided.
Gerevil. Hebrew. Divining Lot, Sortflege.
Elmis. Coptic. Flying.
Asmiel. Hebrew. Storing up.
Irminon. Greek. Supporting.
Asturel. Hebrew. Bearing authority.
Nuthon. Perhaps Coptic, Godlike; or Greek, piercing.
Lomiol. Perhaps Hebrew. Binding, Bitter.
Imink. Perhaps Coptic. Devouring.
Plirok. Perhaps Coptic. Burning up.
Tagnon. Perhaps Greek. Heating.
Parmatus. Greek and Latin. Shield-bearing.
Iaresin. Hebrew. Possessing.
Gorilon. Coptic. Axe; Cleaving either to, or asunder; Bones.
Lirion. Greek. A lily. Plegit. Perhaps Greek. Smiting, Smitten.
Ogilen. Hebrew. Round, Wheel.
From the book of The Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage